The holder of an infringed copyright can elect a remedy of statutory damages (ranging from $750 to $30,000 per infringement, and up to $150,000 for willful infringement), or the sum of its actual loss plus disgorgement of the infringer's profits.


Some music royalties are set in regulatory royalty-setting proceedings (e.g., in front of US Copyright Royalty Board) based on economic testimony.


Experienced providing consulting and testimony in copyright matters, in several industries including the following.

music piracy

music royalties